Types of Chemicals Used For Bedbug Control

Fumigation to rid off pests

Recently, various places have seen a resurgence of bedbugs. This has been attributed to the increase in travel that has led to a growing cross-transmission of bugs from travel stations and hotels to homes and hostels.

Commercial and residential property owners are always on the lookout for an effective method of eliminating bedbugs. The complete elimination of these pests is, however, not as easy as buying and applying the many solutions touted as effective.

New England-based pest control company is your best bet for the complete eradication of bed bugs. Several methods can be used, but chemical treatments in the form of powders, liquids and, sprays are among the most effective. The following are some of these chemicals.

Pyrethroids and Pyrethrins

These are the leading options for chemical bedbug treatment. Pyrethrins come from the chrysanthemum flower while pyrethroids are synthetic. Both chemicals cause the paralysis of the bedbug after attacking the nervous system and cause the pest’s eventual death.

In most cases, these chemicals are used in combination to boost their efficacy. Other than paralyzing bedbugs, they also flush them out of their hiding spots and make it easier to kill them using additional techniques. Pyrethrins and pyrethroids are generally used for the control of small bedbug infestations.


Bedbugs have a waxy coating that prevents their dehydration. Desiccants work by destroying this waxy layer and thus exposing the bug. This way, the pest will get dehydrated and die. Though desiccants do not kill the bedbugs on contact, they will control pest populations for an extended period, thus averting the growth of a secondary population.

They are ideally used in holes and crevices in your building and furniture to minimize their spread in indoor air.


These are derived from fungi and plants. They will thus control bedbugs using non-toxic mechanisms that make them safe for pets and people even when used in food preparation areas. Biochemical products also manage bedbugs at all stages of an infestation and growth, including the nymph, egg and adult phases.


These disrupt the biological activity of bedbugs to generate a cellular disruption that causes their death. Pyrroles, in most cases, will disrupt ATP, the primary energy source of the bugs. This causes the slow death of other organs and eventually the pest.

The chemicals will only work when ingested and do not affect eggs though they get rid of nymph and adult bedbugs.

Growth Regulators

Close up of a bed bug

These chemicals will mimic a bedbug’s growth hormones. This forces the pest to halt its development and inhibits its life cycle and maturation. This will keep the bed bug population in your premises to a minimum. Other growth regulators will cause the bedbug to develop too quickly and consequently, age and die.

The most common growth regulator used for bedbug control is hydropene that is safe for pets and people.

The use of the above chemicals is not as easy as the right mix proportions and application. Professionals will use various methods to assess the extent of your bedbug infestation before recommending the best chemical for your premises.

Moreover, they will take several precautions to guarantee the chemicals used have minimal impact on the other elements in your environment.

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