Understanding the Reasons for Oral Pain

Woman with toothache

• Tooth decay can be treated by visiting a dentist and practicing good oral hygiene.

• Gum disease is caused by smoking and poor oral hygiene and can be managed with mouthwash and quitting smoking.

• Sensitive teeth can be relieved by avoiding acidic foods, desensitizing toothpaste, and getting orthodontic treatment.

• Trauma or injury to the face and mouth should be treated immediately by seeking medical attention and using over-the-counter pain relievers.

• Lastly, maintain optimal oral health by brushing twice daily, flossing once daily, and avoiding sugary foods.

Oral pain is undoubtedly one of the most uncomfortable and annoying experiences that one has to go through. It can range from mild discomfort to intense throbbing sensations, making it difficult for individuals to complete regular activities like eating, drinking, and talking. While the cause of oral pain may seem straightforward, it is essential to identify the exact root of the problem to initiate the right treatment. Here are some of the common reasons for oral pain and ways to manage the discomfort associated with it.

Tooth Decay

One of the most prevalent reasons for oral pain is tooth decay. It occurs when the tooth’s enamel wears down, exposing the nerve endings and leading to pain and sensitivity. If left untreated, the decay can penetrate deep into the tooth, causing an infection or abscess. Here are some tips for handling tooth decay:

Visit the Dentist

An excellent visit to the dentist is one of the best ways to deal with and prevent tooth decay. Your dentist can examine your teeth and determine the cause of the pain. They can also recommend treatments such as fillings, root canals, or extractions to restore oral health. If you don’t have the time to book an appointment physically, consider visiting their website. Specific dental clinics have websites similar to the accessible Metro Dental website. The website offers helpful information, including various treatments and procedures, and a section to book an appointment.

Good Oral Hygiene

Tooth decay is often caused by poor oral hygiene. Therefore, brushing your teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice daily and flossing once daily is essential. Additionally, use mouthwash occasionally and avoid sugary foods, which can lead to plaque buildup.

Gum disease leading to tooth loss

Gum Disease

Gum disease or periodontitis is a condition that affects the gums and can lead to severe oral pain. It occurs when plaque and bacteria build up on the gum tissue, causing inflammation and infection. The symptoms of gum disease include swollen and bleeding gums, oral pain, and bad breath. Treatment for gum disease is crucial to prevent tooth loss and other oral health complications. Here are some ways to deal with gum disease:

Stop Smoking

Smoking is one of the leading causes of gum disease, so it is essential to quit or avoid it altogether. Additionally, keeping up with your oral hygiene routine and visiting the dentist regularly can help prevent gum disease.


A medicated mouthwash can also help combat periodontitis by killing bacteria that cause inflammation and infection. Your dentist may recommend specific brands, so ask them before purchasing.

Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity occurs when the tooth’s enamel wears down, exposing the tooth’s dentin layer. The dentin layer contains nerve endings, and when exposed, it can cause sharp, sudden pain, especially in response to hot or cold temperatures. Here are ways to deal with sensitive teeth:

Cola being poured

Avoid Acidic Food

Particular food can aggravate nerve endings, so avoiding acidic food and drinks like lemon juice, soda, wine, and coffee is essential.

Desensitizing Toothpaste

Using desensitizing toothpaste can also help reduce pain due to sensitive teeth by blocking off the tiny canals that lead to dentin. Desensitizing toothpaste usually contains potassium nitrate or strontium chloride, which helps block pain signals from reaching the brain.

Orthodontic Treatment

Those undergoing orthodontic treatment, such as braces or Invisalign, may experience oral pain due to the pressure exerted on the teeth during the treatment. While the discomfort is temporary, it is crucial to managing it to prevent any long-term problems. Over-the-counter pain relievers, softer foods, and rinsing with warm salt water can help reduce the discomfort associated with orthodontic treatment.


Oral pain can also occur due to trauma or injury to the face or mouth. It can range from a cut on the lip or tongue to a broken tooth or jaw. It is essential to seek immediate medical attention in such cases. Over-the-counter pain relievers and warm compresses can help ease the pain until medical attention is received.

Oral pain can be a bothersome experience, but treating it correctly can help manage the discomfort and prevent further complications. Maintaining optimal oral health is essential to keeping up with your oral hygiene routine and visiting the dentist regularly. Additionally, seek medical attention immediately if you are experiencing intense pain or swelling.

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